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Types of sexual harassment in the workplace quid pro quo contributions

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Sexual harassment in the workplace is a topic often met with either a snicker or an eye roll—it brings to mind a culture where inappropriate jokes and gender-based comments are the norm. But the reality of sexual harassment is serious, and it happens every day in our workplaces.

Do your employees and supervisors understand what constitutes sexual harassment?

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Do you provide training on it? Do they know the difference between the two primary types: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: Quid pro quo is the type of harassment that occurs when some type of employment benefit is made contingent on sexual favors in some capacity.

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For example, this might be a supervisor offering a promotion if an employee will meet his or her sexual demands. Usually this type of sexual harassment, by its nature, occurs between someone in a position of power and a subordinate. This is because the person in a position of power has the ability to confer employment benefits. Employment benefits in this context might include:. This type of sexual harassment can also occur when there is a threat of negative work consequences for refusing to confer sexual favors.

For example, this might mean someone is threatened with job loss, demotion, bad performance reviews, unfavorable shifts, less desirable project assignments, and so on. A single incidence of quid pro quo sexual harassment is illegal and can be the grounds for a lawsuit. With quid pro quo harassment, the employer can also be found legally liable for the actions of the supervisor who commits this act because supervisors are deemed to be acting on behalf of the employer.

Hostile work environment is the type of sexual harassment that occurs when there is frequent or pervasive unwanted sexual comments, advances, requests, or other similar conduct. It can also occur when there is other verbal or physical conduct that is sexual in nature.

In general, this type of conduct must be unwelcome and either frequent or pervasive or both to be considered a hostile environment. Types of sexual harassment in the workplace quid pro quo contributions is not usually deemed a hostile environment if the activity in question was an isolated occurrence or a simple attempt at initiating a sexual relationship that was not reciprocated nor repeated.

Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment

Whether or not this criterion unwelcome, frequent, pervasive has been met is determined on a case-by-case basis.

Unlike quid pro quo harassment, a hostile work environment does not require any employment benefit to be at risk.