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State civil rights and sexual preferences

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The right to sexuality incorporates the right to express one's sexuality and to be free from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. In specific, it relates to the human rights of people of diverse sexual State civil rights and sexual preferences, including lesbiangaybisexual and transgender LGBT people, and the protection of those rights, although it is equally applicable to heterosexuality.

The right to sexuality and freedom from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation is based on the universality of human rights and the inalienable nature of rights belonging to every person by virtue of being human. No right to sexuality exists explicitly in international human rights law ; rather, it is found in a number of international human rights instruments including the Universal Declaration of Human Rightsthe International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Definition of Sexual Discrimination

The concept of the right to sexuality is difficult to define, as it comprises various rights from within the framework of international human "State civil rights and sexual preferences" law.

Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. Sexual orientation can be read into Article 2 as "other status" or alternatively as falling under "sex". The right to be free from discrimination is the basis of the right to sexuality, but it is closely related to the exercise and protection of other fundamental human rights.

Individuals of diverse sexual orientation have been discriminated against historically and continue to be a "vulnerable" group in society today. Forms of discrimination experienced by people of State civil rights and sexual preferences sexual orientation include the denial of the right to lifethe right to work and the right to privacynon-recognition of personal and family relationships, interference with human dignityinterference with security of the personviolations of the right to be free from torturediscrimination in access to economic, social and cultural rights, including housing, health and education, and pressure to remain silent and invisible.

Seventy-eight countries maintain laws that make same-sex consensual sex between adults a criminal offence, and seven countries or parts thereof impose the death penalty for same-sex consensual sex. The right to sexuality has only relatively recently become the subject of international concern, with the regulation of sexuality traditionally falling within the jurisdiction of the nation state.

Acts of violence against LGBT people are often especially vicious compared to other bias-motivated crimes [7] and include killings, kidnappings, beatings, rape, and State civil rights and sexual preferences violence, including threats, coercion and arbitrary depravations of liberty.

Examples of violent acts against people of diverse sexual orientation are too numerous to account here, and they occur in all parts of the world. A particularly distressing example is the sexual assault and murder of fifteen lesbians in Thailand in March In that example, two lesbian couples were killed by men who objected to their relationship and who were embarrassed when they were unable to convince the women into heterosexual relationships with themselves.

Often acts of violence against people of diverse sexual orientation are perpetrated by the victim's own family. In a case in Zimbabwethe multiple rape of a lesbian was organised by her own family in an attempt to "cure" her of homosexuality.

In those cases, as in many other cases of violence against people of diverse sexual orientation, State law enforcement authorities are complicit in human rights abuses for failing to persecute violators of rights.

The right to privacy is a protected freedom under the UDHR, [11] and the ICCPR [12] which reflects the "widespread, if not universal, human need to pursue certain activities within an intimate sphere, free of outside interference. The possibility to do so is fundamental to personhood. It has been successfully argued in a number of cases that criminalization of homosexual relationships is an interference with the right to privacy, including decisions in the European Court of Human Rights and the UNHRC.

The freedom to decide on one's own consensual State civil rights and sexual preferences relationships, including the gender of that person, without the interference of the State is a fundamental human right. To prohibit the relationships of people of diverse sexual orientation is a breach of the right to sexuality and the right to privacy. Every person, by virtue State civil rights and sexual preferences their individual autonomyis free to express themselves, assemble and join in association with others.

LGBT people are discriminated against in respect of their ability to defend and promote their rights.

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Gay pride marches, peaceful demonstrations and other events promoting LGBT rights are often banned by State governments. In gay pride marches were banned in Serbia [16] and another march in Moscow was broken up by police, who arrested thirty leading gay rights activists. The Yogyakarta Principles is an instrument of soft law and is therefore not binding.

But it does provide an important standard for State civil rights and sexual preferences in their obligation to protect the rights of individuals of diverse sexual orientation. On June 17, the United Nations Human Rights Council in a Resolution on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, adopted by a vote of 23 in favour, 19 against, and 3 abstentions, requested the commission of a study to document discriminatory laws and acts of violence against people based on their sexual orientation and gender identity.

The Resolution was intended to shed light on how international human rights could be used to prevent acts of violence and discrimination against people of diverse sexual orientation. The Report made the following recommendations. In order to prevent such acts of violence occurring, United Nations Member States are recommended to: Further action is yet to be taken by the United Nations, although a proposed declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity was brought before the United Nations General Assembly in However, that declaration has not been officially adopted by the General Assembly and remains open for signatories.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Freedom of Speech and State civil rights and sexual preferences of Assembly.

Civil Rights: Sexual Orientation and...

What is considered a human right is controversial and not all the topics listed are universally accepted as human rights. Cannabis rights Equality before the law Freedom from State civil rights and sexual preferences arrest and detention Freedom of assembly Freedom of association Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment Freedom from discrimination Freedom from exile Freedom of information Freedom of movement Freedom of religion Freedom from slavery Freedom of speech Freedom of thought Freedom from torture Legal aid Liberty LGBT rights Nationality Personhood Presumption of innocence Right of asylum Right to die Right to a fair trial Right to family life Right to keep and bear arms Right to life Right to petition Right to privacy Right to protest Right to refuse medical treatment Right of self-defense Security of person Universal suffrage.