The Corpus Juris Canonici lit.
It was replaced by the Code of Canon Law which went into effect in The Code was later replaced by the Code of Canon Lawthe codification of canon law currently in effect for the Latin Church. InOriental canon law was codified in the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churcheswhich is currently in effect for the Eastern Catholic Churches.
The Corpus juris canonici was used in canonical courts of the Catholic Church such as those in each diocese and in the courts of appeal at the Roman Curia such as the Roman Rota. The term corpus juris canonici was used to denote the system of canonical law beginning in the thirteenth century.
The term corpus Latin for 'body' here denotes a collection of documents; corpus jurisa collection of laws, especially if they are placed in systematic order. It may signify also an official and complete collection of a legislation made by the legislative power, comprising all the laws which are in force in a country or society.
The term, although it never received legal sanction in either Corpus juris canonici online dating or canon law, being merely academic phraseology, is used in the above sense when the "Corpus juris civilis" of the Christian Roman Emperors is meant. The expression corpus juris may also mean, not the collection of laws itself, but the legislation of a society considered as a whole. Hence Benedict XIV could rightly say that the collection of his Bulls formed part of the corpus juris.
Under the name of "corpus canonum" 'body of canons ' were designated the collection of Dionysius Exiguus and the Collectio Anselmo dedicata see below. Since the second half of the 13th century, Corpus juris canonici in contradistinction to the Roman Corpus juris civilis of Justinian Igenerally denoted the following collections: At the present day, under the above are commonly understood these three collections with the addition of the Decretum of Gratian, the Extravagantes 'circulating outside' the standard sources of John XXII, and the Extravagantes Communes.
Thus understood, the term dates back to the 16th century and was officially sanctioned by Gregory XIII.
In the strict sense of the word the Church does not possess a corpus juris clausum 'closed body of law'i.
The Council of Basle Sess. It was about that Gratian, professor of theology at the University of Bologna and sometimes believed to have been a Camaldolese monk, composed the work entitled by himself Concordia discordantium canonumbut called by others Nova collectioDecretaCorpus juris canonicialso Decretum Gratianithe latter being now the commonly accepted name.
He did this to obviate the difficulties which beset the study of practical, external theology theologia practica externai. In spite of its great reputation and wide diffusion, the Decretum has never been recognized by the Church as an official collection.
The general laws of a later date than the Corpus juris canonici online dating of Gratian have been called "Extravagantes", i.
Two of them, namely the third and the fifth, are the most ancient official compilations of the Roman Church see Papal Decretals. Among other compilations at the end of the twelfth and the beginning of the 13th century the following deserve special attention: But soon the new era of official collections began to dawn. In Gregory IX ordered St. To this collection he gave force of law by the Bull "Rex pacificus", 5 September This collection is also known to canonists as the "Liber extra", i.
Later on the canonists added to the manuscripts of the "Decretals" the most important constitutions of succeeding popes.
These were soon known and quoted as "Extravagantes", i. In the Paris edition of the canonical collections — Jean Chappuis drew them up Corpus juris canonici online dating the form since then universally accepted, and kept for the first the name "Extravagantes Joannis XXII", and called the others, "Extravagantes communes", i.
The "Corpus Juris Canonici" was now complete, but it contained collections of widely different juridical value. Considered as collections, the "Decree" of Gratian, the "Extravagantes Joannis XXII" and the "Extravagantes Corpus juris canonici online dating never had a legal value, but the documents which they contain often do possess very great authority.
Moreover, custom has even given to several apocryphal canons of the "Decree" of Gratian the force of law.
The other collections are official, and consist of legislative decisions still binding, unless abrogated by subsequent legislation. The former, indeed, abrogated all the laws contained the aforesaid compilations subsequent to the "Decree" of Gratian. Several authors however maintained, but wrongly, that it abrogated also all the ancient laws which had not been incorporated in Gratian.
The second abrogated all the laws passed at a later date than the "Decretals" of Gregory IX and not included in itself. Each of these three collections is considered as one collection collectio unai. It is to be noted, however, that, in cases of contradiction, the decisions of Corpus juris canonici online dating collections of later date invalidate those found in a collection of an earlier date. It is customary to quote these collections by indicating the number of the chapter, the title of the collection, the heading of the title, the number of the book and the title.
If there is only one chapter in a title, or if the last chapter is quoted, these passages are indicated by "c. Sometimes also the indication of the number of the chapters is replaced by the first words of the chapter, as for instance: In such cases the number of the chapter may be found in the index-tables printed in all the editions.
The "Extravagantes Communes" are divided and quoted in the same manner as the "Decretals", and the collection is indicated by the abbreviation: Corpus juris canonici online dating collection omits the usual "Liber IV" which treats of marriage.
They are indicated by the abbreviation, "Extrav. Very soon after the invention of printing editions of the "Corpus Juris", with or without the gloss comments of canonists were published.
We already mentioned the importance of the Paris edition — for the two collections of "Extravagantes"; it includes the gloss.
The last edition with the gloss is that of Lyons Though the Council of Trent —63 did not order a revision of the text of the canonical collections, St.
Pius V appointed in a commission to prepare a new edition of the "Corpus Juris Canonici". This commission devoted itself especially to the correction of the text of the "Decree" of Gratian and of its gloss.
Gregory XIII decreed that no change was to be made in the revised text. The text of the latter edition differs from that of the Roman edition ofand does not therefore possess practical utility. The edition of Richter Leipzig, —39 avoids this defect and is valuable for its critical notes. The edition of Friedberg Leipzig, —81 does not reproduce the text of the Roman edition for the "Decree" of Gratian, but gives the Roman text of the other collections. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Decretals of Gregory IX. Retrieved from " https: Canon law codifications Documents of the Catholic Church Latin religious phrases Latin texts s in law 12th century in law s
Article Table of Contents. I.
The Decretum Gratiani. II. The Liber Extra. III. The Liber Sextus. IV. The Clementines. V. The Extravagants. [German Version]. I.
It is customary to quote these collections by indicating the number of the chapter, the title of the collection, the heading of the title, the number of the book and the title. The reason for this is, that the legislator thought that the injury was greater where the daughter caused the adulterer to be introduced into the house of her father or her husband.
Although the crime of adultery is included among public offenses, the accusation of which is granted to all persons without distinction, still, in order that those who inconsiderately wish to cause discord in households may not be allowed to do so, it is hereby decreed that only the nearest relatives of the guilty party shall have the power to bring the accusation; that is to say, the father, the brother, and the paternal and maternal uncles, whom genuine grief may impel to prosecute.
Marcianus, Institutes, Book X. They are also held to prevent their marriage where they do not seek to promote it. If, however, she herself, with the assistance of her curators by whom her affairs were transacted, should prosecute for the injury committed upon her, the Governor of the province will impose a severe sentence in accordance with what is required by law for a crime of this kind, if its commission should be established
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Edited by Emil Friedberg. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. But soon the new era of official collections began to dawn. Where a general commission has been given to a man by someone to seek husband for his daughter, this is not sufficient ground for the conclusion a marriage. The husband, above all others, should be considered the avenger of the marriage bed, for he is permitted to accuse his wife on suspicion, and he is not forbidden to retain her, if he only suspects her; nor will he be liable if he files a written accusation when he accuses her as her husband, a privilege which was established by former Emperors Though the Council of Trent —63 did not order a revision of the text of the canonical collections, St.
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Phoning her for a date?Article Table of Contents. I. The Decretum Gratiani. II. The Liber Extra. III. The Liber Sextus. IV. The Clementines. V. The Extravagants. [German Version]. I. The . Corpus juris canonici. by Richter, Aemilius Ludwig, ; Gratian, 12th Publication date Topics Canon law. Publisher Lipsiae..
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