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Primates meeting homosexuality statistics

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Homosexual behavior in animals Primates meeting homosexuality statistics sexual behavior among non-human species that is interpreted as homosexual or bisexual. This may include same-sex sexual activitycourtshipaffectionpair bondingand parenting among same-sex animal pairs. The sexual behavior of non-human animals takes many different forms, even within the same species, though homosexual behavior is best known from social species.

Primates meeting homosexuality statistics perceive homosexual behavior in animals to different degrees. The motivations for and implications of these behaviors have yet to be fully understood, since most species have yet to be fully studied. Thus, a homosexual orientation, if one can speak of such thing in animals, seems to be a rarity.

According to Bagemihlsame-sex behavior comprising courtship, sexual, pair-bonding, and parental activities has been documented in over species of animals worldwide. The term homosexual was coined by Karl-Maria Kertbeny in to describe same-sex sexual attraction and sexual behavior in humans.

According to Bruce Bagemihlwhen describing animals, the term homosexual is preferred over gaylesbianand other terms currently in use, as these are seen as even more bound "Primates meeting homosexuality statistics" human homosexuality. In humans, the term is used to describe individual sexual behaviors as well as long-term relationships, but in some usages connotes a gay or lesbian social identity. Scientific writing would benefit from reserving this anthropomorphic term for humans and not using it to describe behavior in other animals, because of its deeply rooted context in human society".

Animal preference and motivation is always inferred from behavior. In wild animals, researchers will as a rule not be able to map the entire life of an individual, and must infer from frequency of single observations of behavior. In most instances, it is presumed that the homosexual behavior is but part of the animal's overall sexual behavioral repertoire, making the animal "bisexual" rather than "homosexual" as the terms are commonly understood in humans.

The observation of homosexual behavior in animals can be seen as both an argument for and against the acceptance of homosexuality in humans, and has been used especially against the claim that it is a peccatum contra naturam "sin against nature".

For instance, homosexuality in animals was cited by the American Psychiatric Association and other groups in their amici curiae brief to the United States Supreme Court in Lawrence v. Texaswhich ultimately struck down the sodomy laws of 14 states. A majority of the research available concerning homosexual behavior in animals lacks specification between animals that exclusively exhibit same-sex tendencies and those that participate in heterosexual and homosexual mating activities interchangeably.

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This lack Primates meeting homosexuality statistics distinction has led to differing opinions and conflicting interpretations of collected data amongst scientists and researchers. For instance, Bruce Bagemihlauthor of the book Biological Exuberence: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversityemphasizes that there are no anatomical or endocrinological differences between exclusively homosexual and exclusively heterosexual animal pairs.

Many of the animals used in laboratory-based studies of homosexuality do not appear to spontaneously exhibit these tendencies often in the wild. Such behavior is often elicited and exaggerated by the researcher during experimentation through the destruction of a portion of brain tissue, or by exposing the animal to high levels of steroid hormones prenatally.

Homosexual behaviour in animals has been discussed since classical antiquity. The earliest written mention of animal homosexuality appears to date back to 2, years ago, when Primates meeting homosexuality statistics — BC described copulation between pigeons, partridges and quails of the same sex.

Until recent times, the presence of same-sex sexual behavior was not "officially" observed on a large scale, possibly due to observer bias caused by social attitudes to same-sex sexual behavior, [27] innocent confusion, lack of interest, distaste, scientists fearing loss of their grants or even from a fear of "being ridiculed by their Primates meeting homosexuality statistics. The true extent of homosexuality in animals is not known.

No species has been found in which homosexual behaviour has not been shown to exist, with the exception of species that never have sex at all, such as sea urchins and aphis. Moreover, a part of the animal kingdom is hermaphroditic, truly bisexual. For Primates meeting homosexuality statistics, homosexuality is not an issue.

An example of overlooking homosexual behavior is noted by Bagemihl describing mating giraffes where nine out of ten pairings occur between males:. Every male that sniffed a female was reported as sex, while anal intercourse with orgasm between males was only "revolving around" dominance, competition or greetings.

Some researchers believe this behavior to have its origin in male social organization and social dominance, similar to the dominance traits shown in prison sexuality.

Homosexual behavior in animals is...

Others have argued that social organization theory is inadequate because it cannot account for some homosexual behaviors, for example, penguin species where male individuals mate for life and refuse to pair with females when given the chance.

In fact, apparent homosexual individuals are known from all of the traditional domestic species, from sheep, cattle and horses to cats, dogs and budgerigars.

A definite physiological explanation or reason for homosexual activity in animal species has not been agreed upon by researchers in the field. Numerous scholars are of the opinion that varying levels either higher or lower of the sex hormones in the animal, [37] in addition to the size of the animal's gonads, [24] play "Primates meeting homosexuality statistics" direct role in the sexual behavior and preference exhibited by that animal.

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