Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction or a combination of these to persons of the opposite sex or genderthe same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexualityhomosexualityand bisexualitywhile asexuality the lack of sexual attraction to others is sometimes identified
Wikipedia sexuality portal the fourth category. These categories are aspects of the more nuanced nature of sexual identity and terminology. For example, people may use other labels, such as pansexual or polysexualor none at all.
According to the American Psychological Associationsexual orientation "also refers to a person's sense of identity based on those attractions, related behaviors, and membership in a community of others who share those attractions".
Androphilia and gynephilia are terms used in behavioral science to describe sexual orientation as an alternative to a gender binary conceptualization.
Androphilia describes sexual attraction to masculinity ; gynephilia describes the sexual attraction to femininity. The term sexual preference largely overlaps with sexual orientation, but is generally distinguished in psychological research. A Wikipedia sexuality portal who identifies as bisexual, for example, may sexually prefer one sex over the other. Sexual preference may also suggest a degree of voluntary choice, whereas the scientific consensus is that sexual orientation is not a choice.
Consider asking it at the Wikipedia reference desk. Wikipedia sexuality portal following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia's portal for exploring content related to Sexual orientation. September This portal has a single page layout. Any subpages are likely no longer needed. Please take care when editing, especially if using automated editing software.
Refresh with new selections below "Wikipedia sexuality portal." Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or cisgender. Originally meaning "strange" or "peculiar", queer came to be used pejoratively against those with same-sex desires or relationships in the late 19th century.
Beginning in the late s, queer scholars and activists began to reclaim the word to establish community and assert an identity distinct from the gay identity. People who reject traditional gender identities and seek a broader and deliberately ambiguous alternative to the label LGBT may describe themselves as queer.
Bi-curious is a phenomenon in which people of a heterosexual or homosexual identity who, while showing some curiosity for sexual activity with a person of the sex they do not favor, distinguish themselves from the bisexual label.
The term is sometimes used to describe a broad continuum of sexual orientation between heterosexuality and bisexuality. Such continuums include mostly-heterosexual or mostly-homosexual, but these can be self identified without identifying as bisexual. The terms heteroflexible and homoflexible are also applied to bi-curiosity, though some authors distinguish heteroflexibility or homoflexibility as lacking the "wish to experiment with The term bi-curious implies that the individual has either no or limited homosexual experience in the case of heterosexual individuals or, no or limited heterosexual experience in the case of homosexual people, but may continue to self-identify as bi-curious if they do not feel they have adequately explored these feelings, or if they do not wish to identify as bisexual.
Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in "Wikipedia sexuality portal" desire for sexual Wikipedia sexuality portal. It may be considered the lack of a sexual orientationor one of the variations thereof, alongside heterosexualityhomosexuality and bisexuality. It may also be categorized more widely to include a broad spectrum of asexual sub-identities.
Asexuality is distinct from abstention Wikipedia sexuality portal sexual activity and from celibacywhich are behavioral and generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal or religious beliefs. Sexual orientation, unlike sexual behavior, believed to be "enduring". Some asexual people engage in sexual activity despite lacking sexual attraction or a desire for sex, due to a variety of reasons, such as a desire to pleasure themselves or romantic partners, or a desire to have children.
The demographics of sexual orientation vary significantly, Wikipedia sexuality portal estimates for the LGBT population are subject to controversy and ensuing debates. Obtaining precise number is difficult for a variety of reasons. Wikipedia sexuality portal of the major reasons for the difference in statistical findings regarding homosexuality and bisexuality has to do with the nature of the research questions.
Major research studies on sexual orientation are discussed. Most of the studies listed below rely on self-report data, which poses challenges to researchers inquiring into sensitive subject matter.
More importantly, the studies tend to pose two sets of questions. One set examines self-report data of same-sex sexual experiences and attractions while the other set examines self-report data of identification as homosexual or bisexual. Fewer research subjects identify as homosexual or bisexual than report having had sexual experiences or attraction to a person of the same sex.
Several studies of sexual orientation in countries provide comparative perspectives. Tables comparing several U. However, since many individuals may fail to report outside the heterosexual norm or define their sexuality in their own unique terms, it is difficult to fully grasp the size of the LGBT populuation.
The type of Wikipedia sexuality portal being used and the type of setting a subject is in while being surveyed may also affect the answer that the subject gives. Androphilia and gynephilia are terms used in behavioral science to describe sexual orientationas an alternative to a gender binary homosexual and heterosexual conceptualization. Androphilia describes sexual attraction to men or masculinity ; gynephilia describes the sexual attraction to women or femininity.
Ambiphilia describes the combination of both androphilia and gynephilia in a given Wikipedia sexuality portal, or bisexuality. The terms are objectively used for identifying a person's object of attraction without attributing a sex assignment or gender identity to the person.
This can avoid bias inherent in normative conceptualizations of human sexuality, avoid confusion and offense when describing people in non-western cultures, as well as when describing intersex and transgender people, especially those who are nonbinary or otherwise falling outside the gender binary. In response to the criticism of the Kinsey scale only measuring two dimensions of sexual orientation, Klein developed a multidimensional grid for describing sexual orientation.
Unlike the Kinsey Scale, the Klein grid investigates sexual orientation in the past, the present and in the idealized future with respect to seven factors each, for a total of twenty-one values. The KSOG uses values of 1—7, rather than the 0—6 scale of the Kinsey Scale, to describe a continuum from exclusively opposite-sex to exclusively same-sex attraction.
Sexology is the scientific study of human sexualityincluding human sexual interests, behaviors and functions. The term sexology does not generally refer to the non-scientific study of sexuality, such as political science or social criticism.
Sexologists apply tools from several academic fields, such as biologymedicinepsychologyepidemiologysociologyand criminology. Topics of study include sexual development pubertysexual orientationgender identitysexual relationshipssexual activities, paraphiliasatypical sexual interests. It also includes the study of sexuality across the lifespan, including child sexualitypubertyadolescent sexualityand sexuality among the elderly.
The sexological study of sexual dysfunctions and disorders, including erectile dysfunctionanorgasmiaand pedophiliaare also mainstays. The study of the environment and sexual orientation is research into possible environmental influences on the development of human sexual orientation.
Some researchers distinguish environmental influences from hormonal influences, while others include biological influences such as prenatal hormones as part of environmental influences. Scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is the result of a complex interplay of genetichormonaland environmental influences.
Unlike sexual orientation identitythey do not view sexual orientation as a choice. The heterosexual—homosexual continuum or the sexual orientation continuum is a psychological and philosophical understanding of human sexuality that places sexual orientation on a continuous spectrum from heterosexuality to homosexualitywith sexuality ranging from exclusive attraction to the opposite sex to exclusive attraction to the same sex.
This work was expanded by Fritz Kleinwho hypothesized that sexual orientation was a dynamic, multi-variable process, involving attractionbehaviorfantasiesemotional and social preferencesself-identificationand lifestyle. This continuum was an important influence on the feminist and gay-rights movements of the s and s as academics and movement leaders tried to distinguish between one's sex—e. The relationship between biology and sexual orientation is a subject of research. While scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientationthey theorize that a combination Wikipedia sexuality portal genetic, hormonal, and social factors determine it.
Hypotheses for the impact of the post-natal social environment on sexual orientation, however, are weak, especially for males. Biological theories for explaining the causes of sexual are favored by scientists and involve a complex interplay of genetic factors, the early uterine environment and brain structure. These factors, which may be related to the development of a heterosexualhomosexualbisexualor asexual orientation, include genesprenatal hormonesand brain structure.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. It "also refers to a person's sense of identity based on those attractions, related behaviors, and membership in a community of others who share those attractions.
Scientists do not know what determines an individual's sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetichormonaland environmental influencesand do not view it as a choice. They favor biologically-based theorieswhich point to genetic factors, the early uterine
Wikipedia sexuality portal, both, or the inclusion of genetic and social factors.
There is no substantive evidence which suggests parenting or early childhood experiences play a role with regard to sexual orientation. While some people believe that homosexual activity is unnatural, Wikipedia sexuality portal research has shown that homosexuality is a normal and natural variation in human sexuality and is not in and of itself a source of negative psychological effects. There is insufficient evidence to support the use of psychological interventions to change sexual orientation.
Timeline of events related to sexual orientation and medicine Read more Non-reproductive sexual behavior consists of sexual activities animals participate in that do not lead to the reproduction of the species. Although procreation continues to be the primary explanation for sexual behavior in animalsrecent observations on animal Wikipedia sexuality portal has given alternative reasons for the engagement in sexual activities by animals.
Animals have been observed to engage in sex for social interactiondemonstration of dominanceaggression relief, exchange for significant materials, and sexual stimulation. Observed non-procreative sexual activities include non-copulatory mounting without penetration, or by the femaleoral sex, genital stimulation, anal stimulation, interspecies mating, and acts of affection.
There have also been observations of animals engaging in homosexual behaviorsas well as sex with dead animals and sex involving juveniles. Romantic orientationalso called affectional orientationindicates the sex or gender with which a person is most likely to have a romantic relationship or fall in love. It is used both alternatively and side-by-side with the term sexual orientationand is based on the perspective that sexual attraction
Wikipedia sexuality portal but a single component of a larger dynamic.
For example, although a pansexual person may feel sexually attracted to people regardless of gender, they may be predisposed to romantic intimacy with females. For asexual people, romantic orientation is often considered a more useful measure of attraction than sexual orientation.
The ultimate causes and mechanisms of sexual orientation development in humans remain unclear and many theories are speculative and controversial. However, advances in neuroscience explain and illustrate characteristics linked to sexual orientation. Heterosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between persons of Wikipedia sexuality portal opposite sex or gender.
Someone who is heterosexual is commonly referred to as straight.
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Pornography (often abbreviated porn) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal. Pornography may be presented in a. Pages in category "Sexuality portals". The following 4 pages are in this category, out of 4 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).