The herpes simplex virus, also known as HSV, is an infection that causes herpes. Herpes can appear in various parts of the body, most commonly on the genitals or mouth. There are two types of the herpes simplex virus.
The herpes simplex virus is a contagious virus that can be passed from person to person through direct contact. Children will often contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult. They then carry the virus with them for the rest of their lives.
The virus spreads more quickly when an infected person is experiencing an outbreak. Anywhere from 30 to 95 percent of adults are seropositive for HSV-1, though they may never experience an outbreak. While HSV-2 infections are spread through contact with a herpes sore, the AAD reports that most people get HSV-1 from an infected person who is asymptomatic, or does not have sores. Anyone can be infected with HSV, regardless of age. Your risk is based almost entirely on exposure to the infection.
In cases of sexually transmitted HSV, people are more at risk when they participate in risky sexual behavior without the use of protection, such as condoms. Other risk factors for HSV-2 include:. If a pregnant woman is having an outbreak of genital herpes at the time of childbirth, it can expose the baby to both types of HSV, and may put them at risk for serious complications.
It is important to understand that someone may not have visible sores or symptoms and still be infected by the virus. And they may transmit the virus to others. You may also experience symptoms that are similar to the flu.
These symptoms can include:. HSV can also spread to the eyes, causing a condition called herpes keratitis. This can cause symptoms such as eye paindischarge, and a gritty feeling in the eye. This type of virus is generally diagnosed with a physical exam. Your doctor may check your body for sores and ask you about some of your symptoms. Your doctor may also request HSV testing. This is known as a herpes culture. It will confirm the diagnosis if you have sores on your genitals.
During this test, your doctor will take a swab sample of fluid from the sore and then send it to a laboratory for testing. This is especially helpful when there are no sores present. Sexually transmitted diseases herpes diagnosis is currently no cure for this virus.
Treatment focuses on getting rid of sores and limiting outbreaks. It is possible that your sores will disappear without treatment. However, your doctor may determine you need one or more of the following medications:. These medications can help infected individuals reduce the risk of spreading the virus to others.
The medications also help
Sexually transmitted diseases herpes diagnosis lower the intensity and frequency of outbreaks. These medications may come in oral pill form, or may be applied as a cream. For severe outbreaks, these medications may also be administered by injection. People who become infected with HSV will have the virus for the rest of their lives. Some people may experience regular outbreaks.
Others will only experience one outbreak after they have been infected and then the virus may become dormant. Even if a virus is dormant, certain stimuli can trigger an outbreak. It is believed that outbreaks may become less intense "Sexually transmitted diseases herpes diagnosis" time because the body starts creating antibodies. If a generally healthy individual is infected with the virus, there are usually no complications. Although there is no cure for herpes, you can take measures to avoid becoming infected, or to prevent spreading HSV to another person.
Individuals with HSV-2 should avoid any type of sexual activity with other people during an outbreak. If the individual is not experiencing symptoms but has been diagnosed with the virus, a condom should be used during intercourse. But even when using a condom, the virus can still be passed to a partner from uncovered skin.
Women who are pregnant and infected may have to take medicine to prevent the virus from infecting their unborn babies. What do I need to know about dating with herpes simplex? Do you have any tips for people Sexually transmitted diseases herpes diagnosis with herpes? The herpes virus can be shed from an infected person even when there are no lesions visible.
So caution is important. Some may wish to take daily prophylactic oral Valtrex an antiviral oral medicine to help cut down on shedding. Herpes can also be spread on any skin: Depending on sexual practices, herpes simplex can be transferred to genitals and or buttocks from the lips of someone who has fever blisters.
Honesty between partners is very important so these issues can be discussed openly. Psoriasis and herpes can both cause pain, itching, and soreness.
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All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice. Genital Herpes Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease.
Birth-Acquired Herpes Birth-acquired herpes is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the herpes simplex virus.
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We'll explain how herpes simplex is transmitted, symptoms, and treatment options. While HSV-2 infections are spread through contact with a herpes sore In cases of sexually transmitted HSV, people are more at risk when. Herpes simplex type 1, which is transmitted through get herpes type 2 infection during sexual.