The PLA consists of five professional service branches: Units around the country are assigned to one of five Theater commands by geographical location. The PLA is the world's largest military force and constitutes the second largest defence budget in the world. It is one of the fastest modernising military power in the world and has been termed as a potential military superpowerwith significant regional defense and rising global power Chinese girl army capabilities.
It "Chinese girl army" legally obliged to follow the principle of civilian control of the militaryalthough in practical terms this principle has been implemented in such a way as to ensure the PLA is under the absolute control of the Communist Party of China.
Military service is compulsory by law; however, compulsory military service in China has never been enforced due to large numbers of Chinese girl army and paramilitary personnel. During this time, these two military groups primarily employed guerrilla tacticsgenerally avoiding large-scale battles with the Japanese with some exceptions while at the same time consolidating their ground by absorbing nationalist troops and paramilitary forces behind Japanese lines into their forces.
The PLA then saw a huge reorganisation with the establishment of the Air Force leadership structure in November followed by the Navy leadership the following April. In Chinese girl army, the leadership structures of the artillery, armoured troops, air defence troops, public security forces, and worker—soldier militias were also established.
The chemical warfare defence forces, the railroad forces, the communications forces, and the strategic forces, as well as other separate forces like engineering and construction, logistics and medical serviceswere established later on, all these depended on the leadership of the Communist Party and the National People's Congress via the Central Military Commission and until the National Defense Council. During the s, the PLA with Soviet assistance began to transform itself from a peasant army into a modern one.
Under the weight of this offensive, Chinese forces drove MacArthur's forces out of North Korea and captured Seoulbut were subsequently pushed back south of Pyongyang north of the 38th Parallel.
Prior to the Cultural Revolutionmilitary region commanders tended to Chinese girl army in their posts for long periods of time. As the PLA took a stronger role in politics, this began to be seen as somewhat of a threat to the party's or, at least, civilian control of the military.
The establishment of a professional military force equipped with modern weapons and doctrine was the last of the Four Modernizations announced by Zhou Enlai and supported by Deng Xiaoping.
In keeping with Deng's mandate to reform, the PLA has demobilised millions of men and women since and has introduced modern methods in such areas as recruitment and manpower, strategyand education and Chinese girl army. During the Sino-Soviet split, strained relations between China and Soviet Russia resulted in bloody border clashes and mutual backing of each other's enemies.
China and Afghanistan had neutral relations with each other during the King's rule. When the pro-Soviet Afghan Communists seized power in Afghanistan inrelations between China and the Afghan communists quickly turned hostile. Chinese girl army Afghan pro-Soviet communists supported China's enemies in Vietnam and blamed China Chinese girl army supporting Afghan anti-communist militants. China responded to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by supporting the Afghan mujahideen and ramping up their military presence near Afghanistan in Xinjiang.
China acquired military equipment from the United States to defend itself from Soviet attack.
Hundreds of millions of dollars worth of anti-aircraft missiles, rocket launchers and machine guns were given to the Mujahidin Chinese girl army the Chinese.
Chinese military advisors and army troops were also present with the Mujahidin during training. In the s, China shrunk its military considerably to free up resources for economic developmentresulting in the relative decline in resources devoted to the PLA.
Following the PLA's suppression of the Tiananmen Square protests ofideological correctness was temporarily revived as the dominant theme in Chinese military affairs. Reform and modernisation have today resumed their position as the PLA's primary objectives, although the armed forces' political loyalty to the CPC has remained a leading concern. Another area of concern to the political leadership was the PLA's involvement in civilian economic activities.
These activities were thought to have impacted PLA readiness and has led the political leadership to attempt to divest the PLA from its non-military business interests.
Beginning in the s, the Chinese girl army tried to transform itself from a land-based power centred on a vast ground force to a smaller, more mobile, high-tech one capable of mounting operations beyond its borders. The motivation for this was that a massive land invasion by Russia was no longer seen as a major threat, and the new threats to China are seen to be "Chinese girl army" declaration of independence by Taiwanpossibly with assistance from the United States, or a confrontation over the Spratly Islands.
Inunder the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and Chinese girl army CMC, the PLA changed from being constantly prepared to "hit early, strike hard and to fight a nuclear war" to developing the military in an era of peace. The PLA reoriented itself to modernization, improving its fighting ability, and to become a world-class force.