It is the capital city of the Poltava Oblast province and of the surrounding Poltava Raion district of the oblast. Poltava is administratively Poltava ukraine as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. It is still unknown when Poltava was founded, although the town was not Poltava ukraine before However,
Poltava ukraine reasons unknown, [ citation needed ] municipal authorities chose to celebrate the city's th anniversary in The settlement is indeed an old one, as archeologists unearthed a Paleolithic dwelling as well as Scythian remains within the city limits.
The present name of the city is traditionally connected to the settlement Ltava which is mentioned in the Hypatian Chronicle in In the mid 14th century the region was part of the Duchy of Kiev, which was a vassal of the Algirdas ' Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The city is mentioned for the first time under the name of Poltava no later than In Poltava was passed to a Polish magnate, Bartholomew Obalkowski.
The project was financed by a number of prominent local including Martyn PushkarIvan IskraIvan Kramar and many others.
During the Pereyaslav Councilthe Poltava city delegates pledged their allegiance to the Czar of Muscovy, after which stolnik Andrei Spasitelev arrived in Poltava and recorded 1, residents who had pledged their allegiance.
And if the Great Sovereign allows to place a voivode in the city and rebuilt Poltava ukraine city until the fall that in Plotava Cherkasy [Cossacks] and residents built their houses and stock-piled their food". The city suffered from the Great Turkish War when in Petro Ivanenko led an anti-Muscovite uprising with the help of Crimean Tatarswho ravaged the local monastery.
By Poltava had several brick factories, a regimental doctor, and a pharmacy; that same year the city conducted four fairs. This large new diocese included the lands of the Novorossiya Governorate and the Azov Governorate north of the Black Sea.
Since much of that area had only recently been seized from the Ottoman Empire by
Poltava ukraine, and a large number of Orthodox Greek settlers had been invited to settle in the region, the Imperial Government selected a renowned Greek scholar, Eugenios Voulgaristo preside over the new diocese.
After his retirement inhe was replaced by "Poltava ukraine" Greek theologian, Nikephoros Theotokis. In the city established the Poltava county school, which became its first secular educational institution. On 2 February the Poltava Male Gymnasium was established. By Poltava had around 30, inhabitants, a district school, a gymnasium, an Institute for Noble Maidensa spiritual academy, a cadet corpsa library and a number of schools.
In a railway station was opened, leading to rapid economic growth in the region. However, by the Population of Poltava around 60, was mostly working in small enterprises. In the late Poltava ukraine and early 20th centuries Poltava became an important cultural centre, where many representatives of Ukrainian national revival were active.
During the events of —Poltava was the rule of a number of governments, including the Central RadaHetmanate
Poltava ukraine People's RepublicWhite Movement and Bolsheviks. After becoming a part of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist RepublicPoltava experienced accelerated industrial growth, and its population increased toby During the Nazi occupation the Jewish population 9. Poltava Air Baseas well as Myrhorod Air Basewere used as eastern locations for landing B Flying Fortress heavy bombers involved in those operations.
The post-war restoration of Poltava continued in the s and s. The city became an important center of military education in the Soviet Unionwhere missile and communications officers were prepared, and was also home to a Soviet Air Force division of heavy bombers. Poltava is the administrative center of the Poltava Oblast province as well as of the
Poltava ukraine Raion housed within the city.
However, Poltava is a city of oblast subordinancethus being subject directly to the oblast authorities rather to the raion administration housed in the city itself.
Poltava's government consists of the member Poltava City Council Ukrainian: The city's current mayor is Oleksandr Poltava ukraine, who was sworn in on 4 November after being elected with more than 61 percent of the vote. The territory of Poltava is divided into 3 administrative raions districts: The village of RozsoshentsiScherbaniTereshkyKopyly and Suprunivka are officially considered to be outside the city, but actually constitute a part of the Poltava agglomeration.
Poltava ukraine the old city is a semicircular Neoclassical square with the Tuscan column of cast iron —11 Poltava ukraine, commemorating the centenary of the Battle of Poltava and featuring 18 Swedish cannons captured in that battle. As Peter the Great celebrated his victory in the Saviour church, this 17th-century wooden shrine was carefully preserved to this day. The five-domed cathedral, dedicated to the Exaltation of the Crossis a superb monument Poltava ukraine Cossack Baroquebuilt between and As a whole, the cathedral presents a unity which even the Neoclassical belltower has failed to mar.
Another frothy Baroque church, dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos, was destroyed in and rebuilt in the s. A minor planet Poltava discovered in by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named after the city. The most popular sport is football soccer. Two professional football soccer teams are based in the city: There are 3 stadiums in Poltava: Butovsky Vorskla Stadium main city stadiumDynamo Stadium are situated in the city centre and Lokomotiv Stadium which is situated in Podil district.
Poltava's transportation infrastructure consists of two major train stations with railway links to KievKharkivand Kremenchuk. Poltava's Kiev line is electrified and is by the Poltava Express. The electrification of the Poltava-Kharkiv line was completed in August The Avtovokzal serves as the city's intercity bus station.
Buses for local municipal routes depart from "AC-2" autostation No. Local municipal routes are parked along the Taras Shevchenko Street.
Marshrutka minibuses serve areas where regular bus access is unavailable; however, they are privately
Poltava ukraine and cost more per ride.
In addition, a route trolleybus network of Poltava is also served by a domestic airportsituated outside the city limits near the village of Ivashky. The international highway M03linking Poltava with Kiev and Kharkiv, passes through the southern outskirts of the city. There is also a regional highway P crossing Poltava and linking it with Kremenchuk and Sumy. Poltava has always been one of the most important science and education centres in Ukraine.
Major Poltava ukraine and institutions of higher education include the following:. Poltava is twinned with:. Obelisk at the Ivan Poltava ukraine 's burial.
Moorish-styled mansion of Bakhmatsky.
Mass burial of Russian soldiers perished at the Battle of Poltava. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Poltava disambiguation. City of regional significance in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine. Poltava Regional Museum, Top right: Poltava Holy Cross Monastery, Center: The Round Square, Bottom left: The White "Poltava ukraine," Bottom right: Marusia Churai Memorial in Gogolya Street.
List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine. Traditional Ukrainian well, krynytsia Kotlyarevsky's estate. Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 4 September Retrieved 14
Poltava ukraine Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 4 January Oktiabrskyi Raion Council of Poltava. Archived from the original on 2 December Retrieved 3 January Archived from the original on 5 April Dictionary of Minor Planet Names 5th ed.
Retrieved 21 September Administrative divisions of Poltava Oblast. Administrative divisions of Ukraine. Cities in Ukraine including Crimea by population. City with special status City of regional significance City of district significance.
Kiev Kharkiv Dnipro Odessa. Retrieved from " https: Articles with Russian-language external links CS1 Ukrainian-language sources uk CS1 Russian-language sources ru Use dmy dates from January Articles with short Poltava ukraine Coordinates on Wikidata Articles containing Ukrainian-language Articles containing Russian-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.
Poltava is a city found in Poltava, Ukraine. It is located latitude and longitude and it is situated at meters above sea level. Poltava is a large city and a cultural gem in Ukraine.