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Homosexual mental disorder

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This resulted after comparing competing theories, those that pathologized homosexuality and those that viewed it as normal.

In an effort to explain how that decision came about, this paper reviews some historical scientific theories and arguments that first Homosexual mental disorder to the placement of homosexuality in DSM-I and DSM-II as well as alternative theories that eventually led to its removal from DSM III and subsequent editions of the manual.

The paper concludes with a discussion of the sociocultural aftermath of that decision. This resulted after comparing competing theories, those that pathologized homosexuality and those that viewed it as normal [ 345 Homosexual mental disorder, 6 ].

In an effort to explain how that decision came about, this paper reviews some historical scientific theories and arguments that first led to the placement of homosexuality in DSM-I [ 7 ] and DSM-II [ 8 ], as well as alternative theories, that eventually led to its removal from DSM III [ 9 ] and subsequent editions of the manual [ 10111213 ].

It is possible to formulate a descriptive typology of etiological theories of homosexuality throughout modern history in which they generally fall into three broad categories: The presence of atypical gender behavior or feelings are symptoms of the disease or disorder to which mental health professionals Homosexual mental disorder to attend. These theories hold that some internal defect or external pathogenic agent causes homosexuality and that such events can occur pre- or postnatally i.

Theories of pathology tend to view homosexuality as a sign of a defect, or even as morally bad, with some of these theorists being quite open about their belief that homosexuality is a social evil. Still, though I have no bias, I would say: Homosexuals are essentially disagreeable people, regardless of their pleasant or unpleasant outward manner These theories, usually psychoanalytic in nature, regard expressions of homosexual feelings or behavior at a young age as a normal step toward the development of adult heterosexuality [ 1920 ].

Ideally, homosexuality should just be a passing phase that one outgrows. These theories treat homosexuality as a phenomenon that occurs naturally [ 21222324 ]. Such theories typically regard homosexual individuals as born different, but it is a natural difference affecting Homosexual mental disorder minority of people, like left-handedness.

As these theories equate the normal with the natural, they define homosexuality as "Homosexual mental disorder" or, at baseline, neutral. Such theories see no place for homosexuality in a psychiatric diagnostic manual. People Homosexual mental disorder gender beliefs, their own and those of the culture in which they live, in everyday language as they either indirectly or explicitly accept and assign gendered meanings to what they and others do, think, and feel.

Gender beliefs are embedded in questions about what career a woman should pursue and, at another level of discourse, what it would mean if a professional woman were to forego rearing children or pursue a career more aggressively than a man. Gender beliefs are usually based upon gender binaries. It should be noted that binaries are not confined to popular usage. Many scientific studies of homosexuality contain implicit and often explicit binary gender beliefs as well.

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