Equity theory posits that when it comes to relationships, two concerns stand out: According to equity theory, people feel most comfortable when they are getting exactly what they deserve from their relationships—no more and certainly no less.
Equity theory consists of four propositions:. People everywhere are concerned with justice.
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Some dominant views include the following:. Nonetheless, in all societies, fairness and justice are deemed important.
This entry will consider the consequences for men and women when they feel fairly or unfairly treated. Although equity has been found to be important in a wide variety of relationships— societal relationships, romantic and family relationships, helping relationships, exploitative relationships, and work relationships—this entry will focus on the research in one area: Although technically equity is defined by a complex formula, in practice, in love relationships, equity has been assessed by a simple measure:.
On the basis of their answers, persons
Liquidating equity definition psychology be classified as overbenefited receiving more than they deserveequitably treated, or underbenefited receiving less than they deserve. There is considerable evidence that in love relationships, equity matters. Specifically, researchers find that the more socially desirable people are the more attractive, personable, famous, rich, or considerate they arethe more socially desirable they will expect a mate to be. What Is Shareholder Equity?
Also, dating couples are more likely to fall in love if they perceive their relationships to be equitable. Couples are likely to end up with someone fairly close to themselves in social desirability.
They are also likely to be matched on the basis of self-esteem, looks, intelligence, education, mental and physical health or disability. In addition, couples who perceive their relationships to be equitable are more likely to get involved sexually.
For example, couples were asked how intimate their relationships were—whether they involved necking, petting, genital play, intercourse, cunnilingus, or fellatio. Couples in equitable relationships generally were having sexual relations. Couples in
Liquidating equity definition psychology relationships tended to stop before going all the way.
Those in equitable affairs were most likely to say that both of them wanted to have sex.
Couples in inequitable relationships were less likely to claim that sex had been a mutual decision. Dating and married couples in equitable relationships also had more satisfying "Liquidating equity definition psychology" lives than their peers. Equitable relationships are comfortable relationships. Equitable relationships were found to be happier, most contented, and most comfortable at all ages and all stages of a relationship. Equitable relationships are also stable relationships.
Couples who feel equitably treated are most confident that they will still be together in 1 year, 5 years, and 10 years.
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In equitable relationships, partners are generally motivated to be faithful. The more cheated men and women feel in their marriages, the more likely they are to risk engaging in fleeting extramarital love affairs. Thus, people care about how rewarding their relationships are and how fair and equitable they seem to be.
Cross-cultural and historical researchers have long been interested in the impact of culture on perceptions of social justice. They contend that culture exerts a profound impact on how concerned men and women are with fairness and equity and on how fairness is defined, especially in the realm of gender relationships. Cultural and historical perspectives suggest several questions for
Liquidating equity definition psychology interested in social justice: What aspects of justice, love, sex, and intimacy are universal?
Which are social constructions?
In the wake of globalization, is the world becoming one and homogeneous, or are traditional cultural practices
Liquidating equity definition psychology tenacious and impervious to deep transformation than some have supposed? Theorists are also engaged in a debate as to whether certain visions of social justice, especially in romantic and marital relationships are better than others. Some cultural theorists argue that all visions are relative and that social psychologists must avoid cultural arrogance and ethnocentrism and strive to respect cultural variety.
Others insist that universal human rights do exist and
Liquidating equity definition psychology certain practices are abhorrent, whatever their cultural sources. In this world, in which the yearning for modernity and globalization contend with yearnings for cultural traditions, this debate over what is meant by equity and social justice is likely to continue and to be a lively one. Psychology definition for Equity in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors and leading students. Psychology definition for Equity in...
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