Huo Yuanjia 18 January — 9 August courtesy name Junqingwas a Chinese martial artist and a co-founder of the Chin Woo Athletic Associationa martial arts school in Shanghai.
A practitioner of the martial art mizongyi Huo is considered a hero in China for defeating foreign fighters in highly publicised matches at a time when Chinese sovereignty was being eroded by foreign imperialism, concessions and spheres of influence. Due to his heroic status, the legends and myths surrounding events in his life are difficult to discern from facts. The family's main source of income was from agriculture, but Huo Endi also made a living by merchant caravans to Manchuria and back.
Although he was from a family of traditional wushu practitioners, Huo was born weak and susceptible to illness. He had asthma and, at an early age, he contracted jaundicewhich would recur periodically for the rest of his life.
It is theorised that he may have had a mild form of congenital jaundice known as Gilbert's syndrome. "Yun fu hu fdating" Endi hired Chen Seng-ho, a tutor from Japan, to teach his son academics and moral values. In return, Chen was taught the Huo family's style of martial arts, mizongyi. Huo still desired to learn wushu, against his father's wishes, so he observed his father teaching his students martial arts in the day and secretly practised at night with Chen. Ina martial artist from Henan visited the Huo family and fought with Huo's elder brother, who lost.
To the surprise of his family, Huo fought with his brother's opponent and defeated the latter. As Huo proved that he was physically able to practise wushu, his father accepted him as a student. As he became older, Huo went on to Yun fu hu fdating martial artists from neighbouring areas and his fame grew as he defeated more opponents in bouts.
Huo joined his father at work as a caravan guard. One day, while escorting a group of monks, Huo was confronted by a group of bandits, who threatened to attack the monks. Huo fought the bandit chief and defeated him. News of his feat spread and added on to his growing fame. InHuo went to Tianjin and made a living there by working as a porter in the Huaiqing pharmacy and by selling firewood. The wrestler openly called the Chinese " sick men of Asia " because no one accepted his challenge to a fight.
The Russian forfeited when Huo accepted his challenge and told Huo that he was merely putting on a performance to make a living and apologised for his earlier remark in the newspaper.
Between andHuo travelled to Shanghai twice to accept an open challenge posed by an Irish boxer, Hercules O'Brien. The two of them had arguments over the rules governing such boxing matches and eventually agreed that whoever knocked down his opponent would be the victor.
O'Brien fought Huo and lost. Huo's victory was a great inspiration to the Chinese people and had them questioning the "Yun fu hu fdating" of imperialistic dominance. However, there is a lot of controversy over whether the fight ever took place. A recent article states that O'Brien  opted to leave town instead.
The centre was meant to be a school for learning the arts of self-defence and improvement of health and mind. Huo suffered from jaundice and tuberculosis and started seeing a Japanese physician for medication and treatment. The physician, who was a member of the Japanese Judo Association in Shanghai, invited Huo to a competition upon hearing of the latter's fame.
Huo's student, Liu Zhensheng, competed with a judo practitioner. Although there were disputes over who won the match, both sides generally agreed that the disagreement culminated in a brawl and that members of the judo team were injured, some with broken fingers and hands, including the head instructor.
Huo died in at the age of Inthe remains Yun fu hu fdating Huo and his wife were excavated and relocated elsewhere. Black spots were discovered in Huo's pelvic bones. The Tianjin Municipality Police Laboratory confirmed that they contained arsenic.
This was because arsenic trioxide has been used therapeutically for approximately 2, years as part of traditional Chinese medicine. The historian Chen Gongzhewho was also one of Huo's students, believed that the cause of his master's death was hemoptysis disease. Chen wrote that Huo was introduced to a Japanese physician by the judo instructor as his health declined.
The physician prescribed some medicine for his condition, but Huo's health continued to deteriorate. Huo was admitted to the Shanghai Red Cross Hospital, where he died two weeks later. Although Chen did not mention that the medicine prescribed by the Japanese physician contained arsenic or any other poison, some leaders of the Chin Woo Athletic Association speculated that Huo was poisoned around the time of his death. Huo was survived by three sons, two daughters.
Huo died months after co-founding the Chin Woo Athletic Association. Subsequently, a number of other martial arts masters agreed Yun fu hu fdating teach at the school. It was the first civil martial arts organisation in China that was not associated with a particular school or style.
During the period of the Japanese sphere of influence, the Twenty-One Demands sent to the government of Republic of China resulted in two treaties with Japan on 25 May This prevented the ruling class from exercising full control over the commoners.
With their new freedom, Huo's students purchased a new building to serve as the organisation's headquarters and named it "Chin Woo Athletic Association". The association accepted new styles of martial arts other than those taught by Huo. In JulyChin Woo sent five representatives to Southeast Asia to expand their activities overseas. They made their first stop in Saigon, Vietnam, where they opened the first Chin Woo school outside of China.
They opened Yun fu hu fdating in Malaysia and Singapore later as well. Bythese five masters had opened schools all over Southeast Asia and visited nine different countries. InShanghai's Chin Woo school was forced to discontinue its activities by the Chinese Communist Party due to the Cultural Revolutionwhose goals were to destroy old ideas, cultures and customs for the purpose of modernizing China.
Those restrictions were lifted inafter which Shanghai's Chin Woo school resumed its activities. Huo's life has been adapted into films and television series. In these adaptations, Huo is typically depicted as a heroic martial artist who fights to uphold the dignity of the Chinese people in the face of foreign aggression.
He is secretly poisoned to death by foreigners, usually the Japanese, who see him as a threat to their exploitation of China. A notable feature in some of Yun fu hu fdating adaptations is the appearance of Chen Zhena fictional character first portrayed by Bruce Lee in the film Fist of Fury.
In the film, Chen Zhen is one of Huo's apprentices. He brings Yun fu hu fdating teacher's "Yun fu hu fdating" to justice and ensures that Huo's legacy, the Jingwu School and "Jingwu Spirit", continues to live on.
Notable actors who have portrayed Huo on screen include: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
February Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article is about the person. For other uses, see Huo Yuanjia disambiguation. This is a Chinese name ; the family name is Huo. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Comprehensive Asian Fighting Arts. August 26, The Courier-Mail Tweaking the artistic truth.
Quote, "In reality, big bad O'Brien left town when Huo challenged him to a fight. Likewise, a Russian fighter had a change of heart when Huo challenged him for calling Asian men weak. The Russian opted for a public apology instead of a public brawl. September 22, Orlando Sentinel Li jets out of action genre by playing a generic hero.
Aussie strongman Nathan Jones "plays Euro-strongman Hercules O'Brien here, a real-life fighter who was supposed to fight Huo but never did. Blue Snake Books June 15, Check date values in: Retrieved 7 December Huo Yuanjia and Chen Zhen related media.
Styles of Chinese martial arts List of Chinese martial arts.