Humour British Englishalso known as humor American English ; see spelling differences is the tendency of experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. The term derives from the humoral medicine of the ancient Greekswhich taught that the balance of fluids in the human body, known as humours Latin: People of all ages and cultures respond to humour.
Most people are able to experience humour—be amused, smile or laugh at something funny—and thus are considered to have a sense of humour. The hypothetical person lacking a sense of humour would likely find the behaviour inducing it to be inexplicable, strange, or even irrational. Though ultimately decided by personal tastethe extent to which a person finds something humorous depends on a host of variables, including geographical locationculturematuritylevel of educationintelligence and context.
For example, young children may favour slapstick such as Punch and Judy puppet shows or the Tom and Jerry cartoons, whose physical nature makes it accessible to them.
By contrast, more sophisticated forms of humour such as satire require an understanding "Perks of dating me i laugh at my own jokes and funny" its social meaning and context, and thus tend to appeal to a more mature audience. Many theories exist about what humour is and what social function it serves. The prevailing types of theories attempting to account for the existence of humour include psychological theories, the vast majority of which consider humour-induced behaviour to be very healthy; spiritual theories, which may, for instance, consider humour to be a "gift from God"; and theories which consider humour to be an unexplainable mystery, very much like a mystical experience.
The benign-violation theory, endorsed by Peter McGrawattempts to explain humour's existence. The theory says 'humour only occurs when something seems wrong, unsettling, or threatening, but simultaneously seems okay, acceptable or safe'. Others believe that 'the appropriate use of humour can facilitate Perks of dating me i laugh at my own jokes and funny interactions'.
Some claim that humour should not be explained. White once said, "Humor can be dissected as a frog can, but the thing dies in the process and the innards are discouraging to any but the pure scientific mind. This process of dissecting humour does not necessarily banish a sense of humour but begs attention towards its politics and assumed universality Khanduri Arthur Schopenhauer lamented the misuse of humour a German loanword from English to mean any type of comedy.
However, both humour and comic are often used when theorising about the subject. The connotations of humour as opposed to comic are said to be that of response versus stimulus. Additionally, humour was thought to include a combination of ridiculousness and wit in an individual; the paradigmatic case being Shakespeare's Sir John Falstaff. The French were slow to adopt the term humour ; in French, humeur and humour are still two different words, the former referring to a person's mood or to the archaic concept of the four humours.
Non-satirical humour can be specifically termed droll humour or recreational drollery. As with any art form, the acceptance of a particular style or incidence of humour depends on sociological factors and varies from person to person.
Throughout history, comedy has been used as a form of entertainment all over the world, whether in the courts of the Western kings or the villages of the Far East.
Both a social etiquette and a certain intelligence can be displayed through forms of wit and sarcasm. Eighteenth-century German author Georg Lichtenberg said that "the more you know humour, the more you become demanding in fineness.
Western humour theory begins with Platowho attributed to Socrates as a semi-historical dialogue character in the Philebus p. Later, in Greek philosophy, Aristotlein the Poetics a, pp.
Each rasa was associated with a specific bhavas portrayed on stage. The terms comedy and satire became synonymous after Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic worldwhere it was elaborated upon by Arabic writers and Islamic philosophers such as Abu Bischrhis pupil Al-FarabiPersian Avicennaand Averroes.
Due to cultural differences, they disassociated comedy from Greek dramatic representation, and instead identified it with Arabic poetic themes and forms, such as hija satirical poetry. They viewed comedy as simply the "art of reprehension" and made no reference to light and cheerful events or troublesome beginnings and happy endings associated with classical Greek comedy.
After the Latin translations of the 12th centurythe term comedy thus gained a new semantic meaning in Medieval literature. Mento star Lord Fleastated in a interview that he thought that: Even in the most solemn song, like Las Kean Fine ["Lost and Can Not Be Found"], which tells of a boiler explosion on a sugar plantation that killed several of the workers, their natural wit and humour shine though.
Confucianist Neo-Confucian orthodoxy, with its emphasis on ritual and propriety, has traditionally looked down upon humour as subversive or unseemly. The Confucian "Analects" itself, however, depicts the Master as fond of humorous self-deprecation, once comparing his wanderings to the existence of a homeless dog.
Local performing arts, storytelling, vernacular fiction, and poetry offer a wide variety of humorous styles and sensibilities. Modern Chinese Perks of dating me i laugh at my own jokes and funny has been heavily influenced not only by indigenous traditions, but also by foreign humor, circulated via print culture, cinema, television, and the internet.
The social transformation model of humour predicts that specific characteristics, such as physical attractiveness, interact with humour. Furthermore, humorous people are perceived by others to be more cheerful but less intellectual than nonhumorous people.
Self-deprecating humour has been found to increase the desirability of physically attractive others for committed relationships. It is generally known that humour contributes to higher subjective wellbeing both physical and psychological.
Not all contemporary research, however, supports the previous assertion that humour is in fact a cause for healthier psychological wellbeing.
They did not consider the types of humour, or humour styles. For example, self-defeating or aggressive humour. The two types are adaptive versus maladaptive humour. In the study on humour and psychological well-being, research has concluded that high levels of adaptive type humour affiliative and self-enhancing is associated with better self-esteem, positive affect, greater self-competency, as well as anxiety control and social interactions.
Additionally, adaptive humour styles may enable people to preserve their sense of wellbeing despite psychological problems. Therefore, humour may have detrimental effects on psychological wellbeing, only if that humour is of negative characteristics.
Humour is often used to make light of difficult or stressful situations and to brighten up a social atmosphere in general. It is regarded by many as an enjoyable and positive experience, so it would be reasonable to assume that it humour might have some positive physiological effects on the body.