Obesity is a medical condition in which a high amount of body fat increases the chance of developing medical problems. People with obesity have a higher chance of developing these health problems:. Three things can be used to determine if a person's body fat gives them a higher chance of developing obesity-related diseases:. These ranges of BMI are used to describe levels of risk:.
Women with a waist size greater than 35 inches 89 centimeters and men with a waist size greater than 40 inches centimeters have an increased risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
People with "apple-shaped" bodies waist is bigger than the hips also have an increased risk for these conditions.
Having a risk factor doesn't mean that you will get the disease. But it does increase the chance that you will.
Some risk factors, like age, race, or family history can't be changed. The more risk factors you have, the more likely it is that you will develop the disease or health problem. Your risk of developing health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney problems increases if you're obese and have these risk factors:. You can control many of these risk factors by changing your lifestyle.
If you have obesity, your health care provider can help you begin a weight-loss program. Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds.
Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for and management of obesity in adults: Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement.
Health risks of obesity. People with obesity have a higher chance of developing these health problems: High blood glucose sugar or diabetes. High blood pressure hypertension. High blood cholesterol and triglycerides dyslipidemia, or high blood fats. Heart attacks due to coronary heart disease, heart failure, and stroke.